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Design:
Bow-front chest of drawers with four cock-beaded, graduated depth drawers, straight-sided, veneered top, drawer fronts with banding and light-wood stringing, geometric stringing around the lower front and sides of the base, a cupid’s bow shaped front apron, and flaring French feet. The top is flush with the back and overhangs the front and sides. Each drawer has two elliptical, stamped brass bail handles and an octagonal, stamped brass keyhole escutcheon. The front of the apron is shaped with a central lunette flanked by elongated ogees; the sides are shaped with a central lunette flanked by hollows.

Case Construction:
The case top is dovetailed to the sides. The drawer blades are joined to the sides of the case with runners set behind them in dadoes that run the full depth of the case. Veneer facing strips on the front edges of the case sides and blades conceal the joint. Thin strips of oak are glued or taped to the sides of the case just above the drawer runners. Full-height, vertical drawer stops are glued to the case sides at the back corners. The back is constructed from two framed, vertical panels, feathered or beveled on their inside top and sides, nailed to the case bottom and sides. The veneered feet are supported with quarter-round, vertical glue blocks. The shaped apron on the front and sides is butt-joined to the feet and joined to the case bottom with a series of horizontal glue blocks. Two longer horizontal glue blocks, one on each side of the bottom back, support the join of the triangular rear feet.

Drawer Construction:
The drawers exhibit dovetailed construction. Cock-beading is nailed to the drawer front edges. The bowed drawer fronts are formed of three to four horizontally laminated boards, veneered on the fronts. The drawer bottoms have side-to-side grain orientation, feathered or beveled front and sides fit into rabbets, and flush-nailed back edges. The top of the sides is veneered with mahogany (cherry is used on the third drawer) and the bottom of the sides is veneered with cherry (missing on the third drawer). The inside surfaces of each drawer are shellacked.


Date

1800-1820


Geography


Material/Technique

Mahogany veneer (primary), tulip poplar (drawer runners), cherry veneer (tops and bottoms of drawer sides), white pine (case top, bottom, sides, and back, and drawer runners), copper alloy


Dimensions

Overall (H x W x D): 37 1/2 in. x 44 in. x 20 3/4 in. (95.25 cm x 111.76 cm x 52.71 cm)


Credit

Mount Vernon Collection


Marks

Written in graphite along the center line on the inside top of the case bottom: “Halleluyah” , with “Ze / ux” written over top and perpendicular to it.

Written in graphite on the second drawer blade at top center: “e V” .

Written in graphite on the third drawer blade at top center: “x3”.

Inscribed on the underside of the second drawer blade: a series of compass circles, with a rose in the center one.

Glued on the underside of the second drawer blade: a fragment of newspaper.

Written in graphite on the outside back of the top drawer, at center: “4/V”

Inscribed on the underside of the bottom of the top drawer, at center: “4 –“.

Several graphite scribbles are visible on the top and underside of the bottom of the second drawer.

Written in graphite on outside back of the second drawer, at center: “X”.

Written in graphite on the underside of the bottom of the third drawer, at center: “3 x”, with “6” inscribed over top of it.

Written in graphite at the outside back of the third drawer, at center: “x e”.

Written in graphite on the underside of the bottom of the fourth drawer, at front center: “4”; and at center: “x u”.

Written in graphite on the outside back of the fourth drawer, at center: “x /”.

Inscriptions:
Stamped on a copper alloy plaque nailed to the lower back corner of the proper left side of the case: “M . 263”.


Object Number

M-263


Colors


Mount Vernon's object research is ongoing and information about this object is subject to change. For information on image use and reproductions, click here.
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