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George Washington probably prepared this eight-page document to accompany his will, which he drew up in June or July 1799. It lists 317 slaves at Mount Vernon, including 124 owned by Washington, 153 he managed as part of Martha Washington's dower, and 40 he was renting from his neighbor, Mrs. Penelope French. The slaves' names, ages, relationships, and which of the five farms they resided at are also recorded. Washington's will freed his slaves upon Martha Washington's death. Custis descendents inherited her dower slaves, tearing apart many of their families in the process. More


c. 1799



  • Written - United States


Ink, laid paper


Overall: 14 7/8 in. × 18 1/4 in. (37.78 cm × 46.36 cm)
Other (Page dimension): 9 1/8 in. × 14 7/8 in. (23.18 cm × 37.78 cm)


Purchase, 1947

Object Number



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