Queen Anne, who reigned from 1702-14, was the second daughter of James, Duke of York (later James II), and Anne Hyde. The history of this miniature begins in 1704, when Colonel Daniel Parke II, of Virginia, (who served as aide-de-camp to the Duke of Marlborough) delivered to Queen Anne the news of the English victory over the French at the Battle of Blenheim. Bearers of good news traditionally received 500 guineas, but when asked what he wished as a reward for this important dispatch, Parke strategically requested the Queen’s own portrait. She awarded him not only her image in miniature encased in diamonds, but 1,000 guineas, some fine silver plate, and eventually the chief governorship of the Leeward Islands. Exceedingly unpopular in this role, Parke was dragged from his residence in Antigua in 1710, stripped of his clothing and murdered by an angry mob. The importance of the Queen Anne miniature to Parke is demonstrated by its prominent role in portraits by Godfrey Kneller, John Closterman, and Michael Dahl. The miniature created for him, like those by the court enamellist of the period Charles Boit, was likely based on a portrait of the monarch by Godfrey Kneller. More

Date

1705-1750


People


Geography


Material/Technique

Watercolor (on vellum? Mounted on card?) copper alloy, glass


Dimensions

Overall (H x W x D): 2 3/16 in. × 1 5/8 in. × 3/16 in. (5.56 cm × 4.13 cm × 0.48 cm)
Other (Image H x W): 2 5/8 in. × 2 1/4 in. (6.67 cm × 5.72 cm)


Credit

Gift of Katherine Merle-Smith Thomas, 2010


Object Number

H-4913


Colors


Mount Vernon's object research is ongoing and information about this object is subject to change. For information on image use and reproductions, click here.
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