In 1790, Scottish émigré cabinetmaker Thomas Affleck was commissioned to craft the seating furniture for the new Congress Hall in Philadelphia. The armchairs Affleck produced embraced the neoclassical aesthetic, which emphasized graceful restraint and classical lines. They were uniform with the exception of the upholstery - black leather for the House and "red Morocco" leather for the Senate. During conservation of this chair, a small fragment of the original black leather was found on the seat frame, indicating that it was used in the House. More


c. 1790-1793




Mahogany (primary), red oak (secondary)


Overall: 36 1/2 in. x 24 1/4 in. x 22 3/4 in. (92.71 cm x 61.6 cm x 57.79 cm)


Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Joseph E. Fields, 1991


Written in graphite on rear seat rail and back frame: "8".

Written in chalk in rear seat rail: "T".

Object Number



Mount Vernon's object research is ongoing and information about this object is subject to change. For information on image use and reproductions, click here.
Buy Tickets What to See Calendar Shop Restaurant Donate Membership
Estate Hours

Open today from 9:00 am – 4:00 pm

iconDirections & Parking
buy tickets online & save