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Digital Encyclopedia of George Washington

The Digital Encyclopedia of George Washington is the place to learn more about George Washington and the wide range of subjects related to his world and the colonial era.

View Entries by Subject

Agriculture | American Revolution | American West | Animals | Artists | Family
Food and Drink | Gardens Indentured Servants and Laborers | Mansion | Military
Mount VernonObjects | Personal | Politics | Preservation | Presidency
Slavery and Enslaved Community

Agriculture

Agricultural Equipment | Arthur Young | Dismal Swamp Company | Dogue Run Barn | Dogue Run Farm | Farm Structure | Ferry Farm | George Washington as Farmer | Hippopotomus | Robert Cary and Company | Union Farm | Vaughan Plan

American Revolution

Abigail Adams | Appointment as Commander-in-Chief | Arthur St. Clair | Asgill Affair | Baron von Steuben | Battle of Germantown | Battle of Harlem Heights | Battle of Kip's Bay | Battle of Long Island | Battle of Monmouth | Battle of Newtown | Battle of Trenton | Benedict Arnold | Benjamin Franklin | Caleb Gibbs | Cato | Charles Lee | Cincinnatus | Continental Army | Conway CabalCrossing of the Delaware River | Culper Spy Ring | Elizabeth Willing Powel | George Mason | George Weedon | H.M.S. Savage | Henry Lee, Jr. | Hessians | Horatio Gates | John André | Jonathan Boucher | John Hancock | John Laurens | John Marshall | Letter to the Camp Committee | Lewis Nicola | LoyalistsMarquis de Lafayette | Marquis de Lafayette at Valley Forge | Martha Washington and the Revolution | Morristown | Nathaneal Greene | Newburgh Address | Newburgh Conspiracy | New York Provincial Congress | Patrick Henry | Prisoners of War | Rochambeau | Samuel Fraunces | Siege of Boston | Society of the Cincinnati | Thomas Gage | Thomas Mifflin | Thomas Paine | Trinity Church | Valley Forge | William Alexander | William Livingston | William Washington | Yorktown Campaign

American West

Allegheny Expedition | Christopher Gist | Conotocarious | George Croghan | George Washington and the West | James Craik | Kanawa Tracts | Mississippi Land Company | Ohio River Valley | Potomac Company | Surveying | Thomas Cresap

Animals

Birds | Buffalo | Camel | Cattle | Deer | Dogs | Donkeys | Hogs | Nelson (horse) | Royal Gift | Sheep

Artists

Adolf Ulrik Wertmüller | Charles Peale Polk | Charles Willson Peale | Eastman Johnson | George Beck | Horatio Greenough | Jean-Antoine Houdon | John Ramage | Rembrandt Peale | Thomas Prichard Rossiter | Edward Savage

Family

American Ancestry | Ancestry | Ball Family | Coat of Arms | Custis Family | Elizabeth Parke Custis Law | Fairfax Family | Fanny Bassett | George Washington | George Washington Parke Custis | John Parke Custis | Lawrence Lewis | Martha Parke Custis | Martha Washington | Popes Creek | Robert Lewis

Food and Drink

Beer | Champagne | Dining at Mount Vernon | Grapes | Great Cake | Hoecakes and Honey | Ice Cream | Madeira | Pineapples | Tea | Toasting | Whiskey

Gardens

Batty Langley | Gardeners | Landscape and Gardens | Upper Garden | Vistas

Indentured Servants and Laborers

Albin Rawlins | Alexander Cleveland | Anthony Whiting | Caleb Stone | Caven Bowe | Cornelius McDermott Roe | David Cowan | Eleanor Forbes | George Rawlins | George Young | Going Lanphier | Henry Young | Hugh Archer | James Anderson | James Bloxham | James Boyd | James Butler | James Donaldson | Johann Christian Ehlers | John Allison | Jonathan Alton | John Askew | John Ball | John Broad | John Evans | John Fairfax | John Gottleib Richter | John Knowles | John Neale | John Patterson | John Saunders | John Stadler | John Violet | Joseph Cash | Matthew Baldridge | Michael Tracy | Mrs. Barnes | Patrick Callahan | Philip Bateman | Richard Boulton | Richard Burnet | Richard Tharpe | Sarah Harle | Susanna Bishop | Thomas Bishop | Thomas Branagan | Thomas Brooks | Thomas Davis | Thomas Green | Thomas Mahony | Thomas Spear | Turner Crump | William Garner | William Pearce | William Roberts | William Skilling | William Spence | William Stewart | William Triplett

Mansion

Bedchamber | Cupola Tower | Downstairs Bedroom | Early Views of Mount Vernon | Exterior Architectural Details | Front Parlor | Garret Bedchamber | Washington and Architecture | Interior Architectural Details | Kitchen | Little Parlor | New Room | Palladian Window | RusticationWashington's Study

Military

Braddock's Defeat | Dagworthy Controversy | Fabian Strategy | Forbes Expedition | Grand Strategy | Life Guards | Military Badges | Military Discipline | The Journal of Major George Washington | Shays' Rebellion | William Crawford | Wills Creek

Mount Vernon

Benjamin Latrobe | Blacksmith Shop | Burials at Mount Vernon | Christmas at Mount Vernon | Development of Mount Vernon | Distillery | Dung Repository | Gristmill | Growth of Mount Vernon | Henry James' "Pandora" | Hospitality | Mansion | MusicPilgrimages to Washington's Tomb | Servants and Marriage | Servants' Hall | Stable | Thanksgiving | Tobias Lear | Tomb

Objects

Acts of Congress | Bastille Key | Cabinet Portrait | Chippendale Side Chair | Copy Press | Don Quixote | False Teeth | Watermark

Personal

Alexandria, VA | Barbados | Belvoir | Bier Carriers | Centennial of Washington's Birthday | Commemoration of George Washington's Birthday | Courtship | Death | Education | "Father of His Country" | Freemasonry | Friends | Funeral Ministers | George Washington and Entertainment | George Washington and Religion | George Washington in Popular Culture | George Washington's Papers | Georges Washington de Lafayette | Last Will and Testament | Lord Fairfax | Martha Washington's Style | Mourning George Washington | Mourning at Mount Vernon | Pallbearers | Parson Weems | Personality | Pohick Church | Rhode Island | The Rules of Civility and Decent Behaviour | Sally Fairfax | Smallpox | Spurious Quotations | Travel | Vine and Fig Tree | Washington and Lafayette | Washington's Views on Health | Wooden Teeth Myth

Politics

Circular Letter to the States | Constitutional Convention | Democratic-Republican Societies | Federalist Papers | House of Burgesses | Mount Vernon Conference | Press Attacks | Quasi War | Ratification of the Constitution | Winchester, Virginia| XYZ Affair

Preservation

Ann Pamela Cunningham | Early Fundraising, Mount Vernon Ladies' Association | Early History, Mount Vernon Ladies' Association | Edward Everett | Mount Vernon During the Civil War | Mount Vernon During World War II

Presidency

Accepting Presidency | Alexander Hamilton | Benjamin Franklin Bache | Cabinet Members | Cherokee | First and Second Inaugural | James Madison | Jay Treaty | John Adams | John Jay | Life in New York | Martha Washington During the Presidency | Morocco | Moses Seixas | Native American Policy | National Gazette | Presidential Diplomacy | Presidential Entertaining | Presidential Precedents | Presidential Residency in New York | Quasi War | Southern Tour | Thomas Jefferson | Touro Synagogue |Whiskey Rebellion

Slavery and Enslaved Community

Austin | Ben | Betty | Charles | Charlotte | Dick Jasper | Doll | Edy Jones | Fanny | George | George Washington and Slavery | Greenhouse Slave Quarters | Hercules | House for Families | Islam at Mount Vernon | Marquis de Lafayette's Plan for Slavery|Oney Judge | Phillis Wheatley | Plantation Structure | Priscilla | Private Lives of Slaves | Sambo Anderson | Slave Burial Ground | Slave Clothing | Slave Control | Slave Demographics | Slave Labor | Slave Quarters | Slave Religion | Slave Resistance | Slavery and Family | Slavery and Marriage | Slavery at Dogue Run Farm | Slavery at Mansion House Farm | Slavery at Muddy Hole Farm | Slavery at River Farm | Slavery at Union Farm | Status of Slaves in Washington's Will

Featured Article: Washington's Cabinet Members

George Washington’s cabinet included four original members: Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson, Secretary of Treasury Alexander Hamilton, Secretary of War Henry Knox, and Attorney General Edmund Randolph.

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Featured Article: Oney Judge

Oney "Ona" Judge Staines served as personal servant to Martha Washington until she escaped from the President's Mansion in Philadelphia and relocated to Portsmouth, New Hampshire in 1796.

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About the Encyclopedia

The Digital Encyclopedia of George Washington was generously supported by Richard and Bonnie Dial in memory of Irby and George Prendergast.

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Citing the Encyclopedia

Contributors

The project has benefited considerably from the talents and dedication of an impressive group of scholars of varying experience, backgrounds, and historical fields. Mount Vernon is indebted for their hard work, creativity, and willingness to contribute.

Learn more about the contributors